Joseph Krainin, Neurologist, Sleep Disorders Center at Saint Mary's Health Care

Q) How much sleep should the average person get? (Can add something in here about an extra hour is helpful for the weekend, but not long-term)
- Teens - 8.5-9.5 hours
- Adults 7-9, generally 7-8 for most people

Q) What are some of the short-term effects of not getting enough sleep?
- Common issues: trouble focusing, sleepiness, and car accidents, decreased performance/productivity, change in mood

Q) What are the long-term effects of not getting enough sleep? Weight gain, diabetes, increased mortality

Q) Ways people can increase sleep?
Naps during the day helpful? Yes, if can't get 7-8 hours at night. Typical stuff like avoiding caffeine, working out late at night, screen time, etc. Right

Q) Do alternative supplements help?
Melatonin: depends what the problem is; good for certain circadian rhythm disorders; just OK for insomnia but have to make sure insomnia isn't caused by a sleep or medical disorder e.g. sleep apnea, restless legs; avoid long term use of OTCs

Q) When and where to seek help?
-Most nights out of the week for a month or more is good rule of thumb.

Q) What are some triggers that bring people in to the sleep lab?
Snoring, stopping breathing in sleep, insomnia, unrefreshing sleep, falling asleep inappropriately during the day, restless legs, unusual behaviors in sleep, difficult to control high blood pressure, heart disease, stroke

Sleep Lab phone number is 616.685.6330.