As spending for the PFAS response continues to grow, state officials said Wednesday that Wolverine Worldwide must pay the investigation costs for northern Kent County.
The Michigan Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) and Michigan Department of Health and Human Services (MDHHS) spend $2 million per month responding to the PFAS contamination throughout the state, said Carol Isaacs, head of the recently-created Michigan PFAS Action Response Team (MPART). Governor Rick Snyder signed an executive directive on Nov. 13 establishing the task force.
The DEQ has spent approximately $500,000 to date investigating the PFAS issue in Plainfield and Algoma Townships, said Melanie Brown, DEQ spokesperson.
On Jan. 10, the state of Michigan filed a federal lawsuit against Wolverine Worldwide in tandem with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency ordering the company to further investigate its former tannery in Rockford and House Street disposal site in Belmont.
The lawsuit formalized the matter, saying Wolverine must continue its private well testing, filter installation and remediation practices that were initially voluntary measures. The state also called for increased financial compensation.
"[Wolverine is] liable for the State's past and future activity costs and costs of surveillance and performance related to its investigation and implementation of other response activities," the lawsuit said.
Before the state filed the suit, Wolverine already racked up big costs with the voluntary measures. The shoemaker tested 1,189 wells and installed 416 whole-house filtration systems in Plainfield and Algoma Townships as of Jan. 8. The filters cost around $5,000 and Brown said the well tests can cost up to $1,000.
At a third-quarter shareholders meeting in November 2017, Wolverine said it would likely spend between $2.5-3.5 million in 2017 on the PFAS response. The company did not comment Wednesday.
"Wolverine has provided a lot of [our] expectations, providing alternative water and testing where we want them to test," Brown said. "We really want to see a concrete plan in place for the long term."
The state approved $23.2 million for Michigan's response to the PFAS problem, but the figure is just an estimate of the costs, Isaacs said.
"The actual long-term cost for PFAS is really undetermined yet, just because we don't have a full mapping of the contamination," she said.
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